The role of Spanish VET centers and the validation of competences as open educational resources

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Luis Carro

Director of Observal (Spain), University of Valladolid

The Council of the European Union, on its motion for 2018, reported on its council recommendation of 20 December 2012 on the validation of non-formal and informal learning, that national entities must

The Council of the European Union, on its motion for 2018, reported on its council recommendation of 20 December 2012 on the validation of non-formal and informal learning, that national entities must provide their citizens with open educational resources through which the citizens may acquire full recognition on their professional competences attained during their life by non-formal and informal learning. (OJEU no. C398 of 22 December 2012).

In Spain, there are two types of vocational training centers that have attained the responsibility of managing an organization and the resources that allow them to accomplish the validation of non-formal and informal learning within their own legislation, authorizing that this process of validation might be conducted as an open educational resource. Those two centers are “The Integrated Vocational Training Centers and The National Reference Centers”. By 2013 an investigation was performed in order to assess the validation of competences‘ process carried out by those centers.

The research has proven that those centers have certain limitations regarding the procedure itself as an open educational resource. Within the regulations of those centers is clearly specified their role on the validation process, however there are certain deficiencies concerning the organization procedure, the training process of their staff, and their ability to inform and advise with respect to the procedure.


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